Lao

Legal Document

Title: Decision of the Minister on Good Agriculture Practices for Produce Quality Management Standard No. 0539/MAF
Type: Decision
Issuing Agency: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Responsible Agency: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Issuing Date : 09-02-2011


INDEX

Part I - General provision

Article 1. Objective
Article 2. Good Agriculture Practice on Quality Management Standard
Article 3. Definitions
Article 4. Scope

Part II  - Produce Quality

Article 5. Quality Plan
Article 6. Planting material
Article 7. Fertilisers and soil additives
Article 8. Water
Article 9. Chemicals Agrochemicals
Article 10. Harvesting and handling produce Harvesting
Article 11. Handling produce
Article 12. Storage and transport
Article 13. Traceability and recall
Article 14. Training
Article 15. Documents and records
Article 16. Review of practices

Part III - Labeling and Sealing

Article 17. Seal
Article 18. Labeling

Part IV - Certification of Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Standard

Article 19. Certification of Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Standard

Part V - Rewards and Sanctions

Article 20. Rewards
Article 21. Sanctions

Part VI - Final provisions

Article 22. Implementation
Article 23. Effectiveness


LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Peace Independence Democracy Unity Prosperity

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry No 0539/MAF
Vientiane, Date 09/02/2011

Decision of the Minister
on Good Agriculture Practices for Produce Quality Management Standard

  • Pursuant to the Law on Agriculture, No. 1/98 LNA, Dated 10 October 1998
  • Pursuant to the Degree of Prime Minister, No.148/PMO, Dated 10 May 2007 on the Organization and Role of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
  • Referred to letter of department of Agriculture, No.1176/DOA, Dated 09 November 2010.

Part I
General provision

Article 1. Objective
   This Decision is provisioned to supervise as a tool for practicing Good Agriculture Practice o Quality Management Standard of fruit and vegetable production; as to create value added for fruit and vegetable; as well as to improve quality of supply chain in fruit and vegetables production to meet the requirements of domestic and international markets. Top

Article 2. Good Agriculture Practice on Quality Management Standard
   Good Agriculture Practice on Quality Management Standard has adapted from ASEAN GAP. This Agreement includes general requirements that producers and operators have to apply in their production system in order to improve quality of produces and meet market requirements. Top

Article 3. Definitions

  1. Standard A specific identifications requirements of produces, products, service, processing and environment related to quality.
  2. Good agriculture practice Practices used to prevent or reduce the risk of Hazards occurring during production, harvesting, postharvest handling of produce.
  3. Infrastructure A area for construction, houses, production area, warehouse, processing and packing places.
  4. Chemical substances The fertilizers, pesticides, Hormones, waxing soil additives.
  5. Other chemical The fuels, oils, and other non-agrochemicals.
  6. Soil additives Products or materials that are added to the soil to improve fertility, structure or control weeds. Examples are animal manure, sawdust, compost, seaweed, fishbased products.
  7. MicroOrganism Living organisms that can not see with neck eyes including virus, bacteria and fungi;
  8. Bioagents beneficial microorganism from virus, bacteria and fungi;
  9. Cleaning The removal of soil, dirt, grease or other foreign matter.
  10. Competent authority The Public and private authority that is a recognized authority to develop or monitor standards, rules of operation, code of practice, regulation and policy. i.e Department of Agriculture; Department of Food and Drug.
  11. Planting Materials Seeds or planting bulks that use in crop cultivation
  12. Organic material A material originating from plants and animals and not from synthetic sources.
  13. Foreign objects Unwanted objects in or around produce that may affect food safety or quality – for example, glass, metal, wood, stones, plastic and weed seeds.
  14. Name of product A commercial name of product
  15. User A practical person who use fertilizers, medicines and chemicals.
  16. Disease carrier Agents Vehicles, human and animal that bring diseases to produces. Top

Article 4. Scope
   This agreement applies to persons, juristic persons, families and organizations that apply Good Agriculture Practices standards of producing fresh fruit and vegetables in Lao PDR. Top

Part II
Produce Quality

Article 5. Quality Plan
   Practices that are critical to managing produce quality during production, harvesting and postharvest handling are identified in a quality plan for the crop grown. Top

Article 6. Planting material

  1. Crop varieties are selected to satisfy market requirements.
  2. If planting material is obtained from another farm or nursery, either a recognised plant health certificate or a guarantee that the material is good quality id provided by the supplier. Top

Article 7. Fertilisers and soil additives

  1. Nutrient application is based on recommendations from a competent authority or on soil or leaf or sap testing and the nutritional requirements for the crop grown.
  2. Equipment used to apply fertilizers and soil additives is maintained in working condition  and checked for effective operation at least annually by a technically competent person.
  3. Areas and facilities  for composting  of organic materials are located, constructed and maintained to prevent contamination of crops by diseases.
  4. The application of fertilisers and soil additives recorded, detailing the name of the product or material, date, treatment location, application rate and method, And operator name. Top

Article 8. Water

  1. Irrigation use is based on crop water requirements, water availability, and soil moisture levels.
  2. A record of irrigation use is kept, detailing the crop, date, location, and volume of water applied or duration of irrigation. Top

Article 9. Chemicals Agrochemicals

  1. Employers and workers have been trained to a level appropriate to their area of responsibility for chemical application.
  2. Crop protection measures are appropriate for the control of pests.
  3. Chemicals are only purchased from licensed suppliers.
  4. Chemicals used on crops are approved by a competent authority in the country where the crop is grown and intended to be traded, and documentation is available to confirm approval.
  5. Chemicals are applied according to label directions or a permit issued by a competent authority.
  6. A chemical rotation strategy and other crop protection measures are used to avoid pest resistance.
  7. Equipment used to apply chemicals is maintained in working condition and checked for effective operation at least annually by a technically competent person.
  8. The application of chemicals is recorded for each crop, detailing the chemical used, reason for application , treatment location, date, rate and method of application, weather conditions, and operator name. Top

Article 10. Harvesting and handling produce Harvesting

  1. An appropriate maturity index is used to determine when to harvest produce.
  2. Equipment and tools are suitable for harvesting and are checked for cleanliness before use and cleaned as required.
  3. Containers are suitable for harvesting of produce and are not overfilled.
  4. Liners are used to protect produce if containers have rough surfaces.
  5. Containers are covered to reduce moisture  loss and exposure to the sun.
  6. Containers are checked for soundness and cleanliness before use and cleaned or discarded as required.
  7. Produce is harvested in the coolest time of the day and harvesting in the rain is avoided if possible.
  8. Produce is removed from the field as quickly as possible.
  9. Packed containers are not stacked on top of each other unless they are designed to support the container and minimise mechanical damage.
  10. Containers are secured during transport to minimise chemical. Top

Article 11. Handling produce

  1. Equipment is constructed to minimise excessive drops and impacts.
  2. Equipment, containers and materials that contact produce are regularly cleaned and maintained to minimise mechanical damage.
  3. Measures are taken to prevent the presence of pests in and around handling, packing and storage areas.
  4. Where required, produce is treated to minimise disease development and loss of quality.
  5. Water used after harvest for handling, washing, and produce treatment  is treated or changed regularly to minimise contamination from spoilage organism.
  6. Produce is packed and stored in covered areas.
  7. Produce is not placed in direct contact with soil or the floor of handling, packing or storage areas.
  8. Produce is graded and packed according  to customer or market requirements.
  9. Protective materials are used where  required to protect produce from rough surfaces of containers and excessive moisture loss.
  10. Field heat is removed using appropriate cooling methods. Top

Article 12. Storage and transport

  1. For long delays before transport, produce is held at the lowest suitable temperature available.
  2. Transport vehicles are covered and appropriate temperature conditions are used to minimise quality loss.
  3. Transport vehicles are checked before use for cleanliness, foreign objects, and vermin infestation, and cleaned if there is a significant risk of mechanical damage and contamination from spoilage organisms.
  4. Mixing of non-compatible produce during transport is avoided.
  5. Produce is transported quickly to the destination. Top

Article 13. Traceability and recall

  1. Each separate production site is identified by a name or code. A sign with the name or code is placed on the site and recorded on a property map. The site name or code is recorded on all documents and records that refer to the site.
  2. Packed containers are clearly marked with an identification to enable traceability  of the produce to the farm or site where the produce is grown.
  3. A record is kept of the date of supply and destination for each consignment of produce. Top

Article 14. Training
   Employers and workers have appropriate knowledge or are trained in their area of responsibility relevant to good agriculture practices and a record of training is kept. Top

Article 15. Documents and records

  1. Records of good agriculture practices are kept for a minimum period of at least two years  or for a longer period if required by government legislation or customers.
  2. Out of date documents are discarded and only current versions are used. Top

Article 16. Review of practices

  1. All practices are reviewed at least once each year to ensure that they are done correctly and actions are taken to correct any deficiencies identified.
  2. A record is kept to show that all practices have been reviewed and any corrective actions taken are documented.
  3. Actions are taken to resolve complaints related to produce quality, and a record is kept of the complaint and actions taken. Top

Part III
Labeling and Sealing

Article 17. Seal

  1. Only Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Standards products certified by the CB (DOA) can be labeled with the DOA seal.
  2. Using the DOA seal as a product brand name is prohibited. The words specifying The Good Agricultural  Practices for Quality Management  Module Standards certification and the DOA seal together shall not exceed ¾ three quarters of the size of the product brand name. Top

Article 18. Labeling

  1. The product name, weight, the name and address of the producer and/or operator certified by the CB (DOA) and responsible  for final packing should appear on the organic product packaging.
  2. Prior to printing, a producer and/or operator shall submit the lay-out of a product label to the CB (DOA) for approval. Top

Part IV
Certification of Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Standard

 

Article 19. Certification of Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Standard
   The Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, is responsible for the evaluation , inspection and certification of Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Module in Lao PDR. Top

Part V
Rewards and Sanctions

Article 20. Rewards
   Individuals or Organizations who have performed well in the area of Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Module will receive awards which deemed reasonable by the DOA. Top

Article 21. Sanctions
   Individuals or organizations violate these Good Agricultural Practices for Quality Management Module Standards will be punished by way of a warning letter, education, fine or penalty, as provided for by the Lao Agriculture Law. Top

Part VI 
Final provisions

Article 22. Implementation
   The Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, in collaboration with other concerned organization skill implement  this regulation effectively. Top

Article 23. Effectiveness
   This regulation of the Minister shall be effective from the date of its signature. Top

Minister for Agriculture and Forestry